The story of Queen Cleopatra, who first became the lover of Julius Caesar and then Marcos Antonius Caesar, and brought about the collapse of an empire.
Cleopatra is perhaps the most well-known historical figure in Egyptian history. She herself was born in 69 BC. First she married her brother, then she fell in love with Julius Caesar, then she fell in love with Mark Antony Caesar and became the head of the Roman Empire. Cleopatra was a woman way ahead of her time, and it continues to be talked about even today.
Let’s get to know Cleopatra closely, who once ruled the greatest emperors and empires of the world, and let’s deal with her life story in a documentary taste. Here is the story of this clever and beautiful queen.
The last Hellenistic queen of ancient Egypt. His original title was VII. Cleopatra. The other queens named Cleopatra, who took the throne before her, were forgotten and are called by this name. She speaks 9 languages and is one of the most influential kand rulers in history. King XII. Cleopatra, the daughter of Ptolemaios Auletes, was of Macedonian descent. However, she learned the Egyptian language by herself, she. XII. After the death of Ptolemy Auletes, the throne was taken by his daughter Cleopatra and XIII. It was left to Ptolemy. XIII. Ptolemy was 8 years younger than Cleopatra, and according to some sources, these two brothers got married after their father’s death.
Cleopatra came to power because she was big, but this did not last long because she fled to Syria after a short time. She returned to the city of Pelusium to raise a new army for herself here and fight her brother who had taken over. However, due to Julius Caesar’s arrival in that area, a temporary peace was declared.
Cleopatra fell in love with Julius Caesar and went with Caesar to the siege of Alexandria. After the siege reached Alexandria, Cleopatra’s brother XIII. Ptolemy fled to the Nile and drowned there.
Cleopatra, on the other hand, is both her husband and brother XI. He took the throne with Ptolemy. Then she gave birth to Ptolemy Caesar, whose father was not known as Julius Caesar.
Cleopatra was in Rome with her husband and son when Caesar was assassinated in 44 BC. After returning to Alexandria, XIV. Ptolemy also died, so Cleopatra became sole owner of the throne. Caesar’s assassins were routed at the Battle of Philippi, and Ptolemy Caesar became heir to Mark Antony Caesar. However, Caesar’s chosen heir was his nephew Octavius.
In order to learn about Cleopatra’s mission in the events that followed Caesar’s assassination, Antony called Cleopatra to a meeting. Cleopatra also went to this meeting with many gifts. Cleopatra was late for the meeting to distract Antony and entered Tarsus in Isis clothes on a boat from the Berdan River. Things went as Cleopatra wanted and Antony fell in love with Cleopatra.
Ignoring the empowerment of Octavius, the young ruler of Italy, Antony began to treat Cleopatra as an independent queen. Together, they formed a self-indulgent society in Alexandria and was called immoral according to some historians and dedicated to Dionysian culture by others.
Cleopatra gave birth to twins Alexander Helios and Cleopatra Selen in 40 BC. After the death of his wife Fulvia, Antony married Octavius’ sister Octavia, as a result of a temporary agreement with Octavius. In 37 BC, Antony thought that it was impossible to make an agreement with Octavius, so he ended his marriage with Octavius and returned to the East, that is, to Cleopatra.
Antony needed the economic power of Cleopatra for the Parthian expedition he wanted to organize. In return, Cleopatra demanded back most of the lands of Lebanon, Syria and Egypt. The Parthian expedition was an expensive one and ended in failure. Despite this, Antony was greeted with celebrations in Alexandria. In the celebrations, Cleopatra and Antony sat on golden thrones and their children were slightly below them. Antony declared Ptolemy Caesar to be Julius Caesar’s son and argued that he was his true heir.
After this, Alexander Helios was given the Armenian Kingdom and the lands behind the Euphrates River, and Ptolemy the lands in the west of that region. Sister Cleopatra Selene also ruled Cyrene, located in Libya. Octavius was aware of these events and plotted against Antony with information he had learned from the Vestal Virgins. Octavian announced to the Roman people that Antony would transfer the wealth of the country to a foreign woman and that when he died, he wanted to be buried with this woman in Egypt. This resulted in a revolt.
The Roman Senate revoked Antony’s right to be consul the next year and declared war on Cleopatra. Octavius declared war on Antony and Cleopatra’s army in 31 BC. Defeated, Antony and Cleopatra fled to Egypt. Cleopatra retired to her mausoleum, and Antony left for the final battle. Antony received a false news that Cleopatra was dead and died there by having himself transported to her mausoleum.